58 Books That Will Make You Better, No Matter Who You Are | Inc.com

http://www.inc.com/quora/58-books-that-will-make-you-better-no-matter-who-you-are.html?cid=cp01002readersdigest&trkid=FBPAGE_RD_20160824_Inc_Article

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What is Media Convergence ?

It is important here to consider the fact that much difficulty and disagreement had arisen in defining the notion of media convergence. Most theorists agree that in general terms convergence means …

Source: What is Media Convergence ?

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What to Eat When You’re Sick: Foods for Aches and Pains | Reader’s Digest

http://www.rd.com/health/wellness/what-to-eat-when-sick/

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14 Mini Essays That Prove the Meaning of Love in 100 Words or Less

Readers share their most romantic moments in these short, sweet tales of love, both young and old.

Source: 14 Mini Essays That Prove the Meaning of Love in 100 Words or Less

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The Amount of Water You Actually Need Per Day

Hint: it’s not always eight glasses

Bottle of water

Bottle of water

Eight, 8 oz. glasses of water a day: it’s a rule that’s been burned into our brains for years as the ideal amount of fluid to drink each day. Yet no matter how many times expertssay that’s not quite accurate, many still believe “8×8” is the magic amount.

The truth: How much water you should drink each day really, truly depends on the person, Robert A. Huggins, Ph.D., of the University of Connecticut explained toHealth. “Fluid needs are dynamic and need to be individualized from person to person. Factors such as sex, environmental conditions, level of heat acclimatization, exercise or work intensity, age, and even diet need to be considered.”

What this means is that simply listening to your thirst is the best way to gauge when to drink. Another way to monitor hydration is to look at your pee before you flush. You want it to look like lemonade; if it’s darker than that, you should down a glass.

But what about exercise?

To gauge how much water you specifically should take in during exercise, Huggins recommends doing a small experiment on yourself.

First, before you work out weigh yourself wearing with little to no clothing. “If you can, [make sure you’re hydrated beforehand] and avoid drinking while you exercise to make the math easy,” Huggins says. But if you get thirsty, don’t ignore it: drink some and make sure to measure the amount.

After you’re done exercising, weigh yourself again. Then, take your first weight and subtract the second weight, and you’ll end up with how much fluid you lost. Convert this to kilograms (if you search it, Google will return the number for you or try a metric converter), then drink that amount in liters. (If you drank some water during exercise, subtract the amount of water you drank from your final total.)

This is your “sweat rate,” Huggins says. It’s the amount of water you should drink during or after your next workout to replace what you’ve lost. (You can also use an online calculator for sweat rate; just plug in your numbers.)

Complicated much? We agree. Huggins estimates that most people lose between one to two liters of sweat for each hour of moderate intensity exercise. But ultimately thirst should still be your guide.

Why it’s important to get the right amount

You already know that dehydration can be dangerous, but over-hydrating may actually be just as bad.

In fact, a new consensus report in the British Journal of Sports Medicinefound that many athletes are at risk of exercise-associated hyponatremia, which is an electrolyte imbalance that can be caused by drinking too much liquid. This can lead to nausea and vomiting, headaches, fatigue, and in serious cases, coma and even death.

While it was previously thought to only be a concern for long-distance athletes competing in events like marathons and Ironmans, the paper (which was funded by CrossFit, Inc.) concluded that many athletes are actually dangerously over-drinking during events as short as 10K races and even bikram yoga classes, Tamara Hew-Butler, Ph.D., lead author of the paper, explained to Health.

Because “it is impossible to recommend a generalized range especially during exercise when conditions are dynamic and changing, there is not one size that fits all!” she adds.

So the best method to keep you in that sweet spot between over- and under-hydrated is, as with many things, to listen to your body.

This article originally appeared on Health.com

 Culled from TIME.com

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What You Didn’t Know About the Act of Reading Books

“If you only read the books that everyone else is reading, you can only think what everyone else is thinking.” – Haruki Murakami

TIME

Finding time to read has never been an issue for me. I read different books at different levels — you don’t put the same effort into Harry Potter as you do Seneca. Reading is the best way to get smarter. And while I’ve always taken notes while reading to improve my ability to remember what I’ve read, I’ve had a nagging feeling that I was missing part of the work.

Perhaps, I’ve been reading too much and reflecting too little.

As I reflect more on the relationship between reading and acquiring wisdom, I discovered Schopenhauer’s classic On Reading and Books.

For me, reading has always been about this website’s tagline: Mastering the best of what other people have already figured out.

In The Prince, Machiavelli offered the following advice: “A wise man ought always to follow the paths beaten by great men, and to imitate…

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5 Benefits of Kissing

5 Benefits of Kissing

Kissing is great for romantic bonding and just as awesome for your health.

We know kissing as a social pleasantry, the appropriate ending to a date and a means of connecting with our main squeeze. The collision of lips and tongues that we often take for granted has a whole lot more bubbling under the surface than what meets the eye. Swine flu scares and mono aside, kissing actually does a body very, very good.

1. Kissing boosts immunity. A recent study reported in the journal Medical Hypotheses says kissing may increase a woman’s immunity from Cytomegalovirus. Cytomegalovirus, contracted through mouth to mouth contact, can cause infant blindness and other birth defects if the mother is a carrier during pregnancy. Otherwise, the bug is relatively harmless in adults. Kissing has long been thought to be a way to pass along bugs and thus strengthen the body’s defenses.

Read: How to Kiss Well

2. Kissing helps you pick the best mate. Anthropologist Helen Fisher describes kissing as a “mate assessment tool.” Much of the cortex is devoted to picking up sensations from around the lips, cheeks, tongue and nose. Out of 12 cranial nerves, five of them are picking up the data from around the mouth. It is built to pick up the most sensitive feelings—the most intricate tastes and smells and touch and temperature. And when you’re kissing somebody, you can really hear them and see them and feel them. So kissing is not just kissing. It is a profound advertisement of who you are, what you want and what you can give.

Other researchers note that kissing is biology’s way of determining who in nature you are most genetically compatible with. “At the moment of the kiss, there are hard-wired mechanisms that assess health, reproductive status and genetic compatibility,” says Gordon G. Gallup Jr., a professor of evolutionary psychology at the State University of New York at Albany who studies reproductive competition and the biology of interpersonal attraction. “Therefore, what happens during that first kiss can be a make-or-break proposition.”

Read: 10 Surprising Facts about Kissing

3. Kissing burns calories! Depending on different reports, anywhere from 2 to 6 calories a minute. Not quite a jog on the treadmill, but an hours worth of smooching may burn off half a handful of M&Ms or half a glass of wine. Hey, it’s something. Being On Top

4. Kissing keeps facial muscles strong. Sure tight abs or cellulite-free thighs may be first on the Tone Up list, but don’t underestimate the workout your mouth gets during a makeout session. Researchers say you use 30 muscles while kissing and the smooching helps keep your cheeks tight. Nice. We’ll take what we can get.

Read: Inner Beauty: What Men Don’t Tell You

5. Kissing naturally relaxes you. Scientific reports say kissing increases the levels of oxytocin, the body’s natural calming chemical and also increased endorphins, the body’s feel-good chemicals. Swapping spit is also noted to increase dopamine, which aids in feelings of romantic attachment.

Culled from http://www.rd.com/
Read more: http://www.rd.com/advice/relationships/5-benefits-of-kissing/#ixzz3hNiOpyiu

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101 Men’s Fashion Mistakes

You’ve had 101 men’s fashion tips so now it’s time for the men’s fashion mistakes. We see these mistakes so often that theyre well worth pointing out. If it so happens you’ve committed an error then we suggest you head on over to our 101 men’s fashion tips to see if you can correct your sartorial errors. We’ve included a wide spectrum of fashion mistakes however the biggest men’s fashion mistake, especially in summer is wearing socks with sandals, it’s so much of a problem we haven’t put it on the 101 list, we’ve put it right at at the top here. Chaps, don’t do it.

1. Bad fit is bad.
2. Replacement – A common symptom of the fashion ignorant. This is where men replace a garment that’s worn out with one that’s identical. This means the man’s style never gets out of its rut.
3. Don’t ever wear a short sleeved shirt with a tie – Short sleeves are for hot weather and holidays, you wouldn’t want to wear your work tie on holiday now would you? So why are you wearing you’re holiday wear to work?builders-arse
4. The Builders Arse – Visible Butt Crack – don’t let it happen to you.
5. Unnaturally fake tan – if you didn’t get bronzed on the beach in St. Tropez it’s going to be blindingly obvious – you’ve been tangoed.
6. The backwards baseball cap. Unless you’re Justin Bieber or Kid Rock we don’t recommend this look to anyone.
7. Bum Bags or Fanny packs – What!!! No! Unless you’re backpacking around the world and buy one of the discreet type ones to keep your money safe then a bum bag is definitely never acceptable.
8. High Pants – Pants, trousers, jeans or any other leg covering garment should always sit on your natural waistline and not under your arm pits, Simon Cowell style.
9. Saggy Pants or ‘Jailin’ – Where the pants are hanging off your ass. This originates from prisons where the wearers belt is removed to prevent suicide attempts. Are you going for the death row look? It won’t bring you much happiness.saggy_pants
10. Comb over’s – Unless you’re football (soccer to our American readers) legend Bobby Charlton you can’t sport the comb over, and in all fairness Sir Bobby didn’t look too great with it either.
11. Hanging on to your hair. Especially those with pony tails and a bald head, a pony tail is a sign of good thick hair, but when it’s made up of the last 6 or 7 strands on your head, just lose it.
12. A white tie and a black shirt makes you look like you’re in the American-Italian mafia. Either that or you’re Mickey Pierce from only fools and horses.
13. Button Down collars shouldn’t be worn with double breasted suits or formal wear. The idea of the button down shirt was to stop the collar flapping up in the faces of polo players waving their polo sticks at each other howling, ‘hoorah henry!’.
14. Sports tops – no football, rugby, soccer or team shirts unless you’re going to the game.
15. White Socks with black shoes are a definite NO. Aren’t they Michael… Michael?
16. Ugg boots shouldn’t be worn by any man.
17. Never leave your shirt un-tucked unless you’re on holiday.
18. Don’t let your tie touch or go below your belt line.
19. Never wear free give-away company branded T-shirts or polo’s unless you’re repainting your house. Not only are the T-shirts the WORST fitting things ever, they make you look cheap.
20. Budgie Smugglers – No.
21. Wife Beaters – No.
22. Wife Beaters and Budgie Smugglers? Are you an East End gangster living in the Spanish Costa’s?
23. Guy lights – Bleached hair, bleached tips – a very common mistake to make for a man who thinks himself to be pretty.
24. Trousers or jeans that touch the floor. This just shows a total lack of care and conjures up images of mid 90’s moshers.
25. Leather anything – Any item of clothing that isn’t a leather jacket shouldn’t be leather.gordon_ramsay_trainers
26. Oakley’s sunglasses – For cycling, climbing or any other sport, fine. If you’re having a midlife crisis, think you look cool or have no sense of style then you know who you are. Get rid of the oakley’s and the knackered 80’s sports car too magnum.
27. Big fat pockets on shorts – just image you had a pair of trousers that had big pockets all the way down the leg, just like this type of short does. Would you wear them? We hope not, so don’t do it with shorts either.
28. Too much Aftershave (Cologne to our American readers) – Both men and women hate it, if you can’t talk to women then you aren’t going to make too many drinking buddies either.
29. Trainers are meant for the gym and not for going out in. Casual shoes instead.
30. Flip flops belong in two places – the beach and the swimming pool – don’t make them your wardrobe staple.
31. Dress for the occasion – When it’s -5˚ outside don’t dress in summer clothes. Espadrilles in winter will leave your feet like blocks of ice, the same goes for T-shirts.
32. Mob Mentality – A common thing the world over, common being both the noun and adjective all at once. This denotes large groups of lads who dress exactly alike, the ‘safety in numbers’ approach, guys, women will look at you and think “I have 12 options right there” and not one of you will stand out!
33. Don’t wear short sleeves if you’ve got skinny arms.
34. Super tight underwear – the last thing a woman see’s before you get into bed with her. Trust us it’s not the best aphrodisiac.
35. See through clothes –mesh baseball tops etc , things made of mesh– just don’t do it.
36. Bulky shoes – big fat bricks of shoes are in no way attractive and do nothing for your image.
37. Un-ironed shirts. It’s inexcusable.
38. The hat doesn’t make you cool. Throwing a trilby or a fedora with an outfit doesn’t automatically make you well dressed or cool.
39. Dirty shoes – not only will it shorten their lifespan but it just looks plain tatty ‘n’ ‘orrible.
40. Skinny guys don’t wear a big fat wide tie – it’ll make you look completely out of proportion.
41. VERY large tie knots – such as seen by premiership footballers should be prohibited, it looks cheese ball.
42. Mis-matched colours. Getting the belt, shoes and bag in different shades looks like your look has been thrown together with very little care or attention.
43. Slogan T-shirts – T-shirts that say things like ‘Miami beach club under 9’s reserve surf team’ have nothing whatsoever to do with you or your personality and worst of all some men are guilty of trying to let these things speak for their personality.
44. Humour T-shirts – T-shirts with jokes on them are a terrible way of attracting the wrong sort of attention, they’re only good for joke style presents at Christmas and if they’re lucky should graduate into the ‘lounging about or decorating’ section of your wardrobe.
45. Worn out clothes – Worn out clothes look terrible and you’ll look totally uncared for, and if you’re single this is made worse by the fact you look like you can’t care for yourself, so how can you care for that lingerie model you’ve been pursuing?
46. Backpacks – Excellent for camping or going round Europe meeting Australian bar tenders who are also travelling. A bit too child like for the office. A classic messenger or a satchel works much better.
47. Coloured contact lenses – they just look totally false and will attract the completely wrong sort of attention. Unless it’s Halloween, if it is, go mad.
48. Super-uber-mega-grooming – Joey Essex would be a good example with his man make-up, overly straightened hair and most likely feminine beauty routine. Women don’t like men who take more time to get ready than themselves.Too much jewellery
49. BIG Jewellery. It’s often noted that pub landlords of old would buy excess jewellery, sovereign rings, gold chains etc. They did it so their money was locked up in gold rather than in the taxman’s safe. You don’t want to go for the 70’s landlord chic.
50. Tucking in your T-shirt – This is never going to be a flattering look and seems to become more common as a bloke progresses through the years, don’t do it, get a t-shirt that lands on your belt line.
51. Clothes on the floor – clothes should be kept on hangers so that they keep their shape and maintain a good condition longer.
52. The dirty mark from last time you wore something should have been washed off. If you can’t get a stain off then seek professional help. Not for your head, the stain we mean.
53. The mobile phone on the belt – do you also drive a BMW and sell windows?
54. Filthy hands – Especially the nails. A woman will notice and so will anyone at any business appointment or social event. To the engineers, mechanics and tradesmen amongst you, you have all the more work to do.
55. FULL pockets – completely ruin the line of your trousers and your whole look, not to mention it looks like you just robbed a candy store.
56. You’re a big guy and you’ve got big muscles. It doesn’t mean we want to see you parading around half naked though does it, so the V neck jumper you have, the one where the V finishes at your belly button, yeah that one. Throw it away and get some proper clothes.
57. Wallets full with cards and receipts. A wallet is a refined and expensive item and shouldn’t be stuffed up with rubbish. Us men complain about women’s handbags – well it’s the same here, have a clear out!
58. Playing with your watch – a gentleman should always have a watch and shouldn’t need to play with it. Get used to wearing one.
59. Perpetual Sunglasses – Take them off when you’re indoors or when the sun has gone down! It’s like you’re saying, ‘I know and I admit I look better when you can’t see my face’.
60. Preening – excessive preening and self adoration are unattractive whatever sex you are.
61. Branded Wallets – the type of wallets made from material with a pocket for every eventuality are big and bulky enough on their own, when they’re filled with everything you don’t need they’re even bigger.
62. Excess body hair – especially on the upper chest and neck. There’s nothing wrong with a rugged display of masculinity, but when your body hair looks like it’s eating your face from the front and back it won’t do you much good.
63. Tucking jeans, trousers or whatever into your socks. If you’re riding a bike and you don’t want to get your trousers caught in the bike then get a trouser leg cuff clip – it won’t crease your trousers up like tucking in does.
64. White jeans – probably the least versatile and most Euro-trash item you could buy.
65. Oversized baggy shirts – A shirts shoulder seems should line up with your own shoulders and the collar shouldn’t fall halfway down your chest.
66. Don’t wear walking boots with anything other than walking gear.
67. Trainers with a suit. Gordon Ramsey has to be one of the most famous advocates of wearing a suit jacket, jeans and…a big old pair of running shoes.
68. Men with a large beer gut should make sure their T-shirt covers the belly. The belly that protrudes from under a t-shirt is unsightly.
69. Don’t wear both a belt and a set of braces.
70. Not trying clothes on in the store is like not test driving a car.
71. Novelty ties should be avoided. A tie was designed for authoritarian and notable men, not designed to be a point of humour.
72. Don’t be a billboard – Having Armani or D&G slapped across your chest looks like your trying to make yourself look wealthy. It does the opposite.
73. In relation to the above – No Ed Hardy. He’s done such wonderful things for the tattoo industry but for crying out loud, leave fashion to those who know what they’re doing.
74. Fake Tan hands and excess fake tan on your clothes just isn’t attractive and looks like you’ve been finger painting with the honey monster.
75. Don’t leave excess hair product in your hair. Globules of wax, gel, putty or anything for that matter are just plain awful.
76. White Kids dressing like they’re from the Ghetto, ‘you ain’t street bruvva is it’.white_guy_dressing_black
77. Never leave your tie loose with a shirt button undone. In a casual situation then it’s more acceptable, but at a formal occasion it just isn’t.
78. Shaving the false jaw line in won’t make you look more cut, it just emphasises your double chin more. If done properly with stubble it can work.
79. Overly straightened hair is just as bad as wearing a lot of man make-up. It looks shocking and over powering.
80. Ginger hair dyed black. Don’t dye your hair black, there’s a lot of stigma around ginger or red hair but the fact is it’s one of the rarest colours of hair going! Rare is good.
81. The Ultra-low T-shirt neckline as seen in Geordie shore is terrible and shouldn’t be replicated.
82. Anything you see on Geordie shore is wrong.
83. Anything you see on Jersey shore is wrong.
84. Anything you see on The Only Way Is Essex is wrong.
85. Don’t dress in a constant state of ‘I just got up’. We see it all the time, the oversize hoody, jogging bottoms and flip flops are a definite NO.
86. A Gilet (body warmer) is meant to keep you warm in cold weather, such as for ski-in and outdoor sports, it’s not every day fashion and don’t make it your signature.
87. Big Vivian Westwood ear rings. We like Vivian and we like her clothes but the huge brash ear ring has become the talisman of every wannabe pretty boy. It’s as obvious as a chav in a fake Burberry cap.
88. Tracksuits and sportswear should be worn for their purpose and not as a fashion statement.geordie_shore_low_neckline
89. ‘Peacocking’ – as made famous in the book ‘The Game’ by Neil Strauss is no way to attract the type of woman you want to marry.
90. Don’t get a tattoo just to be fashionable, it’s on your arm, ass or your back for the rest of your life. Will fiddy-cent be remembered in 2065???
91. Just because you can’t be bothered to button up your button fly it doesn’t mean we want to see it.
92. Old school running shorts are not meant for fashion purposes.
93. Vintage shopping does not mean pulling out your dads old jumper.
94. A T-shirt, jumper or cardigan that’s longer than your jacket looks weird and makes you look short.
95. Let your own style develop and don’t be dictated to on what you should be wearing, be it an over demanding partner or a friend or your mother.
96. Don’t have your mother do your shopping.
97. Mismatched colours on top and bottom in a suit are terrible, either go for something in two very noticeably different colours or not at all.
98. An oversized suit is possibly the biggest sartorial faux pas. A well fitted suit will work wonders for your image. Get your free guide to mens suits here.
99. Don’t wear a tartan wedding outfit if you’re not Scottish.
100. Don’t wear the same outfit for every occasion. Casual for casual, smart for smart.
101. Don’t go buying clothes that you think you MIGHT fit into one day. Stick to your size!

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A Woman Should Have by Maya Angelou

A WOMAN SHOULD HAVE …
enough money within her control to move out
and rent a place of her own,
even if she never wants to or needs to…

A WOMAN SHOULD HAVE …
something perfect to wear if the employer,
or date of her dreams wants to see her in an hour…

A WOMAN SHOULD HAVE ..
a youth she’s content to leave behind….

A WOMAN SHOULD HAVE …
a past juicy enough that she’s looking forward to
retelling it in her old age….

A WOMAN SHOULD HAVE …..
a set of screwdrivers, a cordless drill, and a black lace bra…

A WOMAN SHOULD HAVE …
one friend who always makes her laugh… and one who lets her cry…

A WOMAN SHOULD HAVE ….
a good piece of furniture not previously owned by anyone else in her family…

A WOMAN SHOULD HAVE …
eight matching plates, wine glasses with stems,
and a recipe for a meal,
that will make her guests feel honored…

A WOMAN SHOULD HAVE …
a feeling of control over her destiny…

EVERY WOMAN SHOULD KNOW…
how to fall in love without losing herself..

EVERY WOMAN SHOULD KNOW…
how to quit a job,
break up with a lover,
and confront a friend without;
ruining the friendship…

EVERY WOMAN SHOULD KNOW…
when to try harder… and WHEN TO WALK AWAY…

EVERY WOMAN SHOULD KNOW…
that she can’t change the length of her calves,
the width of her hips, or the nature of her parents..

EVERY WOMAN SHOULD KNOW…
that her childhood may not have been perfect…but its over…

EVERY WOMAN SHOULD KNOW…
what she would and wouldn’t do for love or more…

EVERY WOMAN SHOULD KNOW…
how to live alone… even if she doesn’t like it…

EVERY WOMAN SHOULD KNOW..
whom she can trust,
whom she can’t,
and why she shouldn’t take it personally…

EVERY WOMAN SHOULD KNOW…
where to go…
be it to her best friend’s kitchen table..
or a charming inn in the woods…
when her soul needs soothing…

EVERY WOMAN SHOULD KNOW…
what she can and can’t accomplish in a day…
a month…and a year…

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The Legacy of J.J. Rawlings in Ghanaian Politics, 1979-2000

Ghana: The Rawlings Factor

J.J. Rawlings

ABSTRACT

Jerry John Rawlings, Ghana’s leader since the December 31, 1981 coup until the 2000 elections, was a Flight Lieutenant in the Air Force and a militant populist when he led the first coup of June 4, 1979, that overthrew the regime of Gen. Fred Akuffo, who had, in turn, deposed his predecessor, Gen. I.K. Acheampong, in a palace coup. According to Shillington (1992), Rawlings was convinced that after one year of the Akuffo regime, nothing had been changed and the coup amounted to a “waste of time,” and “it was then up to him to change not only the status quo, but also put the country back on track.”1

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